Bringing Prosperity to Life


Ranked 30th of 149

At a glance


30 th on the Legatum
Prosperity Index™



In the Prosperity Sub-Index rankings, Mauritius performs best on Governance and Personal Freedom and scores lowest on the Education sub-index.

Visit our Rankings table to see how Mauritius compares to other countries.

Prosperity Gap

The ‘Prosperity Gap’ takes a country's GDP and uses it as the yardstick to measure a nation's expected Prosperity Index ranking.

Mauritius is a middle-income over-deliverer of prosperity that has maintained an overall surplus over the last decade. For a country whose GDP per capita is similar to that of Turkey and Venezuela, both under-deliverers and far behind in the rankings of the Index, this is indeed an excellent result. Only Costa Rica has a better overall prosperity score with a lower GDP per capita than Mauritius.

In the chart above, each dot represents a country. The curve shows the general tendency with which prosperity increases as GDP per capita increases. If a country falls below the curve, then we can say that compared to all other countries, it is under-delivering prosperity for its citizens. Likewise, if a country rises above the curve, then we can say that it is over-delivering prosperity for its citizens. Learn more about the Prosperity Gap here.

Alternatively, have a look at the Prosperity Gap view on our Rankings table for a full list of countries and to see how each of them are performing on the various sub-indices.


As the only Sub-Saharan African country to sit in the top 30 of the 2016 Prosperity Index, Mauritius owes such a position to strong performances particularly in the Governance and Personal Freedom sub-indices, as well as to notable improvements in the Economic Quality and Business Environment sub-indices. Yet, if the country wants to keep its enviable ranking, it must pay attention to its weakening social capital, while at the same time focusing on improving its education system.

In the Governance sub-index, Mauritius has performed consistently well over the past ten years, achieving scores that exceed the regional average and near the performance of those of the very top of the Index. One of the few states in Africa and in the world with a female president, Mauritius can count on a stable and effective multi-party democracy, where rule of law and judicial independence are not at stake and government effectiveness comes first when compared to the country's regional peers.

Mauritius’ performance in the Governance sub-index stands out in relation to both its African peers and the world average.
Mauritius’ performance in the Governance sub-index stands out in relation to both its African peers and the world average.

Over the last decade, Mauritius has notably improved in the Economic Quality and Business Environment sub-indices, posting a 15 and four rank increase, respectively. Among the many improvements that have occurred in these areas, the labour market has become more flexible and it is now 30% easier to get access to credit. This is the result of a concerted effort by policy-makers, both at the national and the international levels, to facilitate businesses in and across borders. One successful example has been the Accelerated Programme for Economic Integration (APEI), which links the economies of Mauritius, Malawi, Mozambique, Seychelles, and Zambia, and seeks to reduce trade barriers and enhance the development of a competitive business environment.

When it comes to health, an area of major concern for many Sub-Saharan African countries, Mauritius ranks first among its regional peers. Among the drivers of this performance are high immunisation rates against measles and DPT. Most of all, there is the fact that 93% of the population has access to improved sanitation facilities: it is the highest level in the region, where South Africa comes second with 66%, and the average is an alarming 32.9%. However, Mauritius' Achilles heel in the Health sub-index is represented by the highest incidence of diabetes of all countries covered by the Prosperity Index: having doubled since 2007, it is now affecting 24% of the population (almost one every four Mauritians). Initiatives such as the Association for the Promotion of Health (APSA) are thus as necessary as they are important in helping people with diabetes preventing avoidable complications, but also in providing a platform for informed debate.

A less positive picture concerns the Education sub-index, where Mauritius’ performance is limited by low scores in tertiary and vocational education. For a country relying on an innovation-driven economy and a stable and solid governance, the importance of having a qualified and skilled human capital stock is unquestionable.

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How to read this graph:
When comparing multiple countries on a spider chart, data points that appear
further away from the center represent a better performance to the points that are closer to the center.