Bringing Prosperity to Life


Ranked 116th of 149

At a glance


116 th on the Legatum
Prosperity Index™



In the Prosperity Sub-Index rankings, Uganda performs best on Social Capital and Economic Quality and scores lowest on the Health sub-index.

Visit our Rankings table to see how Uganda compares to other countries.

Prosperity Gap

The ‘Prosperity Gap’ takes a country's GDP and uses it as the yardstick to measure a nation's expected Prosperity Index ranking.

Uganda is a low-income country that is over-delivering prosperity given its wealth, although this prosperity surplus is limited by deficits in the Health and Safety & Security sub-indices.

In the chart above, each dot represents a country. The curve shows the general tendency with which prosperity increases as GDP per capita increases. If a country falls below the curve, then we can say that compared to all other countries, it is under-delivering prosperity for its citizens. Likewise, if a country rises above the curve, then we can say that it is over-delivering prosperity for its citizens. Learn more about the Prosperity Gap here.

Alternatively, have a look at the Prosperity Gap view on our Rankings table for a full list of countries and to see how each of them are performing on the various sub-indices.


How to read this graph:
When comparing multiple countries on a spider chart, data points that appear
further away from the center represent a better performance to the points that are closer to the center.

Special Analysis

Special Analysis


Over the last decade, Uganda has not changed much in terms of both ranking and delivery of prosperity given its wealth. However, a deeper analysis of the Index reveals different performances across the sub-indices, with significant surpluses in some and deficits in others.

Areas of Success
Areas of Success

The biggest prosperity surplus has been recorded by the Index in the Economic Quality sub-index, where Uganda has posted a 24 rank improvement and has increased its prosperity surplus by 50%, to the point that the country now has the second biggest prosperity surplus in the world in this sub-index: the same as New Zealand’s, with the difference that the latter’s GDP per capita is 20 times that of Uganda. This is the result of international and national efforts to reduce poverty and create new jobs. Another remarkable success comes in the Social Capital sub-index, Uganda’s best performance, where the prosperity surplus has increased by 30% since 2007.

Areas of Little Change
Areas of Little Change

Little movement has been recorded in the Safety & Security sub-index. Here the situation remains rather volatile, mainly because of conflicts in the near South Sudan and internal unrest caused by LRA rebels. The situation has not changed much in the Education sub-index either, where the Index keeps recording poor scores in secondary and tertiary education.

Areas of Improvement
Areas of Improvement

The major area for concern in Uganda is Health, where the Index shows a growing prosperity deficit and a 5 rank decline since 2007, a performance that has put the country among the bottom 10 in this sub-index. While, on the one hand, life expectancy has increased, access to sanitation remains difficult for the majority of Ugandans. The Personal Freedom sub-index is also among Uganda’s key areas of weakness, in particular because of the current situation regarding non-existing LGBT rights and limited freedom of the press.