THE LEGATUM PROSPERITY INDEX™ 2020

Creating the Pathways from Poverty to Prosperity

Country Highlights

Highlighting important changes in Prosperity from around the globe.


Estonia (21st)

Estonia has seen considerable improvements across all four pillars of the Inclusive Societies domain. In particular, personal and family relationships have strengthened, with 92% of people saying they can get help from friends and family when in trouble, up from 85% a decade previously. Trust in institutions has also improved, with 75% of people now saying they have confidence in the police, and 40% saying they have confidence in government, up from 63% and 22% respectively in 2010. These improvements have led to a 35-rank rise in the Social Capital pillar to 41st.

Ecuador (89th)

Ecuador is the most improved country in Latin America and the Caribbean for Inclusive Societies, improving across all four pillars and moving up 26 places in the domain rankings. A near two-third reduction in the homicide rate, a five percentage point fall in people reporting property stolen, and a reduction in politically related terror and violence have led to a 35-rank rise in safety and security to 79th, though this has been partically offset by a rise in terrorism. The country has also experienced a 12-rank rise in governance, due to the rule of law and government accountability strengthening.

Azerbaijan (79th)

Improvements to the investment environment in Azerbaijan over the past decade have resulted in a rise of 27 places in the pillar rankings to 50th. Greater protections are now afforded to investors in the way of a stronger insolvency framework and better auditing and reporting standards. Property rights have also been strengthened. This builds on the country’s 2016 roadmap for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) which, among other things, aims to improve access to finance for SMEs. The country has seen a similar improvement in Enterprise Conditions, rising 29 ranks as a result.

Morocco (96th)

Morocco has seen a 13-rank rise in market access and infrastructure, due to significantly improving its infrastructure, particularly its competitive mobile phone market, which has driven up access to high-quality internet. It has also risen 19 places since 2010, to 65th, for its Investment Environment, as a result of significant reforms to strengthen intellectual property rights and investor protections. Most progress has been made in Enterprise Conditions, rising 34 places to rank 61st globally, due mainly to reducing the amount of time businesses spend complying with regulations.

Bangladesh (125th)

With the country rising in the rankings across all four pillars, the lived experience of Bangladeshis has seen improvements since 2010. The maternal mortality rate has fallen by 42%, as the proportion of births attended by skilled health staff has increased to 50%, up from 25% in 2010. Education has also improved, across all stages, with the enrolment rate in secondary education increasing by over one-third to 67%, and in tertiary education nearly doubling to over 20%. These improvements are commendable but more needs to be done to further improve the lived experience of Bangladeshis.

Nepal (114th)

Nepal has seen an improvement of 13 ranks in the Education pillar to 116th, as a result of reforming the education system, which is central to the Nepali government’s development strategy. Enrolment rates for both primary and secondary education have increased by c. 15 percentage points, to stand at 96% and 62% respectively. There have also been significant health improvements, which have resulted in reductions in mortality rates at all key life stages, with maternal mortality rates nearly halving, resulting in an 8-rank improvement for the Health pillar.